NACES 2018: Technical Video Presentation by Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP)
Summary This video discusses on a process we have chosen to deal with carbon dioxide emission in Malaysia in respect to this year’s theme: Planetary Calamity. The increase in carbon dioxide emission is seen to cause harmful environmental impact to earth. The carbon cycle has been unstable due to various human activity which causes an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide added into the atmosphere. Such activities include the emission from fumes of car, open burning and release of carbon dioxide from industry plants. Additionally, it was recorded that the largest source of these emission is from the cement industry. All these causes the rise in global temperature which eventually leads to global warming, melting of the polar ice caps and finally the rise in sea level. Therefore, the proposed solution in reducing the environmental impact on our Earth is by capturing the carbon dioxide and converting it into methanol. This methanol synthesis process begins with the collection of carbon dioxide and hydrogen before feeding into a reactor over a Ru-base catalyst over several desired conditions. This would generate methanol which is a raw material and has the potential to produce many valuable products. Examples of those valuable products are feedstock to produce light olefins, alternative fuel and the potential to generate power for daily usage. Therefore, transforming these carbon dioxides would not only reduce the impact on our Earth but generate additional income. Overall, our process not only helps the environment, but brings great economic potential to our society.